30 maio, 2010

Deixa a velha fumar?

Visita domiciliar: a agente comunitária de saúde, meu auxiliar e eu fomos atender uma octogenária com queixa de ardor na boca. Chegamos à casa. A agente chama pelo nome dos moradores e da paciente. Após alguma demora, o filho da paciente abre a porta e nos convida a entrar. A velhinha está sentada na cama. Perdera a capacidade de movimentar seu lado direito, sequela de um “derrame”. Tem nas pernas um cinzeiro com duas bitucas e tenta apagar, notadamente constrangida, o cigarro que acabara de acender. Na curta conversa que tivemos, ela disse que não tem nada a fazer naquela cama, que gosta de fumar seus cinco cigarrinhos diários e assistir aos programas da televisão. Lamentou-se: todo mundo implica com o cigarro.

A intolerância aos maus hábitos tem crescido. Cresce mais em certos meios sociais que em outros. Por exemplo, a classe média, frequentadora de academias de ginástica, reage com repugnância ao cigarro, enquanto entre os pobres fumar é um hábito que persiste, apesar de toda a informação disponível e amplamente conhecida sobre os danos à saúde causados pelo tabagismo. Claro que nem tudo é pão-pão queijo-queijo: há a disciplina imposta pelas religiões, que afasta do vício uma considerável parcela da população que vive na pobreza.

A disciplina do corpo motivada pela culpa e negação dos prazeres carnais é tão antiga quanto as religiões judaico-cristãs. Entretanto, de onde (ou de quando) vem esse culto à virtude corpórea, reflexo da preocupação meio neurótica com a saúde? Se o corpo humano é comparável a uma máquina (e isso remete aos autômatos do Descartes – ainda há muita gente que adora essa analogia), há de se lubrificar suas engrenagens de quando em quando para garantir seu bom funcionamento. Perfundir um veneninho gostoso nos fluidos corpóreos – nem pensar! Até porque máquina que se preze não tem necessidade de prazeres...

Pode ser simplista pensar que há uma recusa ao prazer; pode ser que tenha havido uma mudança no entendimento do que é prazeroso. Deve haver prazer em ver no espelho um corpo bem torneado, deve ser uma delícia exibir um carro recendendo a novo e usar óculos de sol de uma marca reconhecidamente cara. Comprar um apartamento num condomínio com área de lazer: orgasmos múltiplos! Não obstante essa fachada de felicidade e saúde exuberante, esse estilo de vida, baseado no consumo e esvaziado de significado, tem implicações sérias na saúde mental – resulta em crises depressivas e consumo generalizado de medicamentos psicotrópicos. Para cada estilo de vida há uma doença à espreita... Longe de mim, afirmar que a depressão é uma doença exclusiva dos endinheirados, até porque partilhamos todos dos mesmos valores. Condensados no consumismo, esses valores são de suma importância para a manutenção do falso sucesso desse modelo econômico vigente.

Pensando nessas coisas, lembrei-me de dizer à paciente que a implicância com seu hábito de fumar era resultado da preocupação e do carinho que as pessoas lhe tinham. Disse também que era por afeto que, apesar de saberem que o cigarro faz mal, continuavam a lhe comprar os maços, do mesmo modo que a minha avó me mimava com doces antes do almoço, suprimindo o meu apetite para o arroz com feijão. Tirei suas dentaduras, examinei sua boca despida, prescrevi o medicamento pertinente e despedi-me da anciã contentinha com seus cigarros.

27 maio, 2010

AUSENCIA DE VOLUNTAD CONCILIADORA DE FRECUENCIA LATINA EN CASO DE PERSONAJES "NEGRO MAMA" Y "PAISANA JACINTA" - PERU


NOTA DE PRENSA
AUSENCIA DE VOLUNTAD CONCILIADORA DE FRECUENCIA LATINA EN CASO DE PERSONAJES “NEGRO MAMA “   Y   “PAISANA JACINTA”
Audiencia de Conciliación se realizó sin éxito mientras personaje “Negro Mama” volvió  a la televisión.
La Audiencia Única de Conciliación convocada por la Sociedad Nacional de Radio y Televisión (SNRTV) entre LUNDU y Frecuencia Latina para el día viernes 21 de mayo no logró un acuerdo entre las partes. Cabe recordar que en cumplimiento de la Ley de Radio y Televisión, la institución LUNDU presentó una Queja ante la SNRTV donde exigen el retiro definitivo de los  personajes “Paisana Jacinta” y “Negro Mama” así como disculpas públicas de la televisora por considerar que estas representaciones son racistas y profundizan la discriminación racial en el país.
La Audiencia que estuvo presidida por el Dr. Jorge Baca, Presidente del Comité de Quejas de la Sociedad de Radio y Televisión quien a su vez fue elconciliador de la misma, deberá emitir  la resolución correspondiente durante la próxima semana;  en tanto, esperamos que la SNRTV, así como ANDA respondan con objetividad y coherencia frente a estos hechos.
Rechazamos la decisión tomada por la empresa televisiva Frecuencia Latina -canal 2 al reponer al personaje “Negro Mama”, hecho que fue anunciado 24 horas antes de la Conciliación ya programada, lo que demuestra no sólo la ausencia de voluntad de negociación y diálogo, sino una absoluta indiferencia a la dignidad de las personas y pueblos que se sienten afectados en sus derechos fundamentales ante las representaciones de personajes como el “Negro Mama” y “Paisana Jacinta”.
Exhortamos a los actores cómicos Jorge Benavides y Carlos Álvarez a recrear su arte en el diseño de personajes que no atenten contra la dignidad de las personas ni refuercen estereotipos que profundizan la discriminación racial, de género, por orientación sexual, entre otras formas de exclusión. Cabe señalar que cerca de 160 personalidades y 50 organizaciones de Derechos Humanos, de mujeres, feministas, indígenas, afroperuanas, jóvenes,  LGBT, han alzado su voz de protesta contra estos personajes.
En los comunicados emitidos, los y las adherentes apelan a la responsabilidad social empresarial, a nuevos modelos de hacer empresa y de consumo que no reproduzcan el racismo, sexismo, homofobia y otras formas de discriminación. Las instituciones impulsoras de esta campaña continuarán las acciones hasta las instancias competentes nacionales e internacionales para lograr la eliminación definitiva de estos personajes y de los contenidos racistas y discriminatorios de los medios de comunicación.

Con el ruego de su difusión.
Lima, 26 de mayo de 2010

logo-con-letrita.jpg
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS Y PROMOCIÓN AFROPERUANOS
CNDDHH.jpg
COORDINADORA NACIONAL DE
DERECHOS HUMANOS
AMN_ESP_COBR (2).jpg


Comunicaciones LUNDU

LUNDU, Centro de Estudios y Promoción Afroperuanos.


Av. Bolívar 138 "A". Pueblo Libre. Lima. Telefax: (0511) 628 3764




“Apúntate contra el Racismo”: http://apuntatecontraelracismo.blogspot.com/
Observatorio de Medios de Comunicación y Políticas Públicas:http://www.lundu.org.pe/web2/index.html

13 maio, 2010

Kanimambo por Emiliano Castro.





Enviado por Emiliano Castro 
Amig@s,

Quando a gente está na sala e o cheiro da cozinha começa a provocar demais a gente se anima e chega junto pra dar uma bicadinha, né?
Pelo menos quando estamos em sala amiga.

Este é o caso:

Em poucos dias entrarei no estúdio muito bem acompanhado para gravar meu primeiro disco autoral,Kanimambo.
Muuuita estória envolvida, muita gratidão pra todos os lados.
Vai ser prato principal e já está ficando cheiroso!

Antes disso, antes de servir a mesa pra todos, porque vocês não chegam junto e vêm dar uma bicadinha na panela?

Pra provocar, adianto que a produção musical é do enorme Paulo Bellinati.

Mais requintes e a receita completa estão no flyer anexo.

O nome do show e do disco é Kanimambo que em changana, uma língua de Moçambique, quer dizer "obrigado" e com este convite eu começo também a divulgar o tamanho da gratidão que tenho às inúmeras pessoas que vêm me ajudando a montar este cardápio tão especial.

É 5a feira agora.

Visitem a nossa cozinha!

Beijo,
Emiliano

--
http://myspace.com/emiliano7cordas
http://myspace.com/candongueirofino

Sarau dos Inquietos - São Paulo - Brasil.



Enviado por Eduardo Sanches Vertuani
Saudações Seres Inquietos,

É com grande prazer e satisfação, que estamos lhes convidando para a próxima edição do "SARAU DOS INQUIETOS".
Nos reuniremos no dia 29 de Maio (Sábado) a partir das 18:32hs, no "Big Place", com muito alto astral e diversão, para apreciarmos e manifestarmos nossas inquietações artísticas.
Na edição anterior, presenciamos uma diversidade de inquietações (música, teatro, dança, stand up, poesia, mágica, exposição de artesanato), além das inquietações ocultas que ficaram nas entrelinhas e outas prestes a emergir.
Com isso, constatamos que nossa iniciativa (inquieta, é claro), tornou-se um maravilhoso canalpara que os inquietos se conheçamtroquem experiênciasapreciem outras manifestações de inquietação artística e possam divulgar seus projetos após suas apresentações.
A convocação está feita: "INQUIETOS, UNI-VOS E MANIFESTAI-VOS !!!"
Afinal, são os INQUIETOS que possuem o poder de mudar o mundo.
Local: Bar "Big Place"  
Endereço: Rua Machado de Assis 406A esquina com a Rua Paula Ney, quatro quadras abaixo do Metrô Ana Rosa sentido Aclimação.
Horário: das 18:32 até as 23:54hs
Data: 29/Maio/2010 (sábado)

Performances (temas livres) conforme abaixo:
Cenas teatrais (solo ou dupla) : duração máxima 5 minutos. 
Poesia: duração máxima 3 minutos. 
Stand Up Comedy - duração máxima 15 minutos
Dança (flamenco, dança do ventre, etc) - duração máxima 5 minutos
Mágica e performances circenses em geral - duração máxima 5 minutos
Artesanato, quadros e artes plásticas em geral, ficaram expostas durante realização.
Solicitamos aos Inquietos que queiram se apresentar divulgar seus projetosconfirmar antecipadamente respondendo esta mensagem direcionando também ao nosso e-mail oficialque segue em cópia: saraudosinquietos@hotmail.com.
Em breve, nosso Site estará no ar, com mais informações e novidadesregistros dos encontros anteriores divulgação dos inquietos que irão se apresentar.
Por enquanto, essa divulgação será feita em nossa comunidade e perfil do OrkutSARAU dosINQUIETOS.
Devido ao grande número de Inquietos presentes na edição anterior, estaremos reservando mesas antecipadamente através de nosso e-mail oficial (saraudosinquietos@hotmail.com) oupelos telefones dos Produtores (Formigas Inquietas) que serão divulgados abaixo.  
Até lá !!! (Podem estender o convite aos amigos e inquietos em geral)

Beijos / Abraços,

Eduardo Vertuani

Ivan de Axé

Obs: Os quietos e conformados também serão aceitos e bem recebidos.

11 maio, 2010

Mães de maio - São Paulo - Brasil.

            No dia 01 de maio a psicanalista e colunista do jornal "O Estado de São Paulo", Maria Rita Kehl,  publicou um artigo brilhante: "Tortura, por que não?". No texto enfatiza que a cultura da impunidade aos torturadores da ditadura militar, que esteve vigente no Brasil entre 1964 e 1985, permeia em grande parte as relações do aparato policial nos dias de hoje.

http://www.estadao.com.br/estadaodehoje/20100501/not_imp545397,0.php

            No estado de São Paulo houve uma onda de assassinatos em série após os ataques do PCC, provavelmente patrocinados por esquadrões da morte,  que continuam impunes. Os parentes das vítimas se organizaram e se auto-intitulam "Mães de maio". No dia 13 de maio, em conjunto com diversas organizações da sociedade civil, organizam uma aula pública na Praça do Patriarca em São Paulo - Brasil.

        
http://prod.midiaindependente.org/pt/blue/2010/05/471114.shtml

08 maio, 2010

Afro Peruvian Leaders Receive Violence Threats After Protests over Racist TV Chracters


Afro Peruvian Leaders Receive Violence Threats After Protests over Racist TV Characters

Published in Groundreport.com

Despite threats, Afro Peruvian activists pledge to continue fighting for equality and respect for civil rights

Afro Peruvian leaders of the organization LUNDU, the Center for Afro Peruvian Studies and Advancement, have denounced what they consider is an alarming escalation of verbal attacks and threats of violence against members of their organization.

The attacks have increased since LUNDU protests forced the Lima-based television station Frecuencia Latina, to pull off a racist TV character called “Negro Mama”, which represents a Black man as a mentally retarded thief, a dingy individual with exaggerated facial features and nappy hair, reinforcing stereotypes against African descendants. This was part of a popular comedy show.

The character “Negro Mama” was taken off air by April 8th, 2010, after protests led by LUNDU against racist characters in Peruvian TV, including also “La Paisana Jacinta" which portrays Indigenous women as dirty, stupid, toothless and silly. "Jacinta" is still part of a popular comedy show.

LUNDU says that its offices are flooded with threatening messages recieved by telephone, mail, email, and especially through social media websites like Facebook, Twitter, and blogs. Even local popular newspapers are allowing hate messages in their comment boards.

This situation has worsened since April 21th, when Frecuencia Latina announced that "Negro Mama" will be back on air. That same day, LUNDU was celebrating the Day Against Racism by denouncing on 1,104 racist news reports posted in the Peruvian media, including 203 contents attacking Afro Peruvians with slurs such as "monkeys, gorrilas, baby maker stallions."

Monica Carrillo, the founder and leader of LUNDU, said via email that she is very concerned after several Facebook pages have been opened in the past weeks to promote racism in TV and violence against the LUNDU organization.

“Most of these websites have messages that are extremely violent and racist, there is even a Facebook page with my name on it, and my feeling is that I might be exposed to situations of physical violence.”

LUNDU has tracked at least five hateful Facebook pages, some of which include up to 9,000 members [Please consider reporting these pages as "racist/hate speech"]:

Racist violence in Lima

When Afro Colombian activist Pastor Murrillo-Martinez, a member of the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) was visiting Lima last year, he didn’t expect to experience racism so drastically. A man in the streets spit on his face, called him racist slurs and then walked away like nothing had happened.

“This is normal in Lima” said Monica Carrillo, adding that some public business still reject people by their skin color, social status and the way they "look". A friend of mine who is African American was visiting Peru last year also, and he said that some children in the streets of Lima called him “monkey”, as a joke.

Willy Guevara is an anthropologist and associate scholar supporting the work of LUNDU, and he agrees that currently there is an increase of racist attacks in the Peruvian media, especially in the last few weeks. This coincides with the neo racist-movements being organized in the United States, after president Obama passed Health Care Reform legislation. “The difference is that in Peru, situations of racism can lead to physical aggression very easily,” wrote Guevara via email.

Facing potential physical attacks, members of LUNDU have expressed their concern because none of Peru’s authorities have spoken out against these threats, including the Ombudsman and Prosecutors offices, the Catholic church or other major religious groups, and even Peruvian watchdog human rights organizations are not mentioning this case yet.

Media in Lima allows racial hatred

When Frecuencia Latina decided to cancel "Negro Mama" its decision also included the continuation of "Paisana Jacinta", which depicts Andean women in offensive ways. The non-profit Center for Indigenous Cultures of Peru CHIRAPAQ, posted an article last week, demaning that such a racist character should cancelled for once.

"We are asking the media to include in their ethics rules a provision that ensures that their programs don’t engage in racist content that encourages violence and the marginalization of our peoples and cultures.[...] To the parents, you that sometimes refuse to accept your Andean or Amazon origins, we urge you to see clearly the prejudice hidden behind these [racist] jokes."

"In Peru, the image of our Indigenous women continues being violated by this humorous shows that constantly denigrate, devalue and despise the Andean, Amazon Indigenous peoples." added Chirapaq.

Wilfredo Ardito-Vega and Jose Carlos Aguero are human rights activists in Peru. In a recent interview posted (watch here in Spanish) by the non-profit Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos, they commented on racism in the media of Peru.

Ardito says that there is a little progress in Peruvian media with the recent inclussion of more Indigenous and Afro descendant peoples, but that is not enough. He commented on how self-discrimination causes Peruvians to accept racism as something normal in life.

Also Wilfredo Ardito noted that racist jokes can be the most painful form of discrimination, as it reduces the chances of the victims to defend themselves against something that is supposed to be funny.

When newspapers allow racist cyberbullying

Rocio Munoz is the coordinator of LUNDU, confirmed during a telephone interview from Lima that her office has received threatening calls, along with other messages of support. When the character “Negro Mama” was pulled off the air, she said some people got very upset. 

“Many people called and said they were glad that finally someone is speaking out about racism against Afro Peruvians, but some other people called to insult us with all kind of offensive and racist slurs, some even have made violent threats.”

Those who defend racism in comedy shows in the TV stations of Lima, say that they have the right for this kind of entertainment, since it helps Peruvians coping with their stressful living conditions.

In the Internet, most of the racist comments are very similar: they attack LUNDU and its leader Monica Carrillo calling them “reactionary traumatized Black people” who happen to be antisocial. Also the comments say that most Black people in Peru don’t care about discrimination, and that comedian Jorge Benavides (the author and performer of Negro Mama) needs to continue his work.

All of this is written online with such a level of racism, that one wonders why the media of Lima is allowing this. Most of the verbal attacks are posted in websites of newspapers like El Comercio and Peru 21, both owned by the same corporate group, which is very influential in Lima’s society and the current governments of Peru.

“We deeply regret that [Peruvian] media is allowing hateful comments saying that these characters are not racist. They are allowing extremely racist comments, and my question to them is: What would happen if people from their communities were represented on TV with an exaggeration of physical features and filled with stereotypes? Their children would be affected. That is why they need to think about how we feel, because the violation of other people’s rights is not a joke” responded Rocio Munoz.

The role of Peruvian media is crucial in thie level of racism in Peru. Like everywhere else, media influences how we Peruvians perceive and see ourselves and others.
 

Racism among Peruvians

Although most of us Peruvians are of Indigenous and African heritage, but many support racist comedy shows in TV and other media, because they are not aware of the consequences of racism. They don't want to painfully accept they are oppressed, or simply because they are used to it.

Racism is deeply rooted in the cultures of Peru, and especially in urban areas. After five centuries of oppression, slavery and social injustice, non-white Peruvians have accepted discrimination as part of our lives, and some people in Peru really think racism can be funny and harmless.

Discrimination will not exclude anyone who is not white. Even Peru's former president Alejandro Toledo expressed his disaagreement with the mentioned racist characters, although many considered this a late reaction as part of his electoral campaign.

Toledo said to the media "[Jacinta] is an insult the the dignity of Andean women and I will rebell against that. [...] I won't tolerate that the media insults my Indigenous women, my Afro descendant, my cholo people." he added.

The following week, comedy shows in the Lima TV portrayed Toledo as a stupid, alcoholic Indigenous man, screaming next to his "neurotic" white European descendant wife.

Black and proud

Despite the obstacles, threats, attacks and apathy, Afro Peruvians activists are showing strength, courage and tenacity to continue their movement.

“We will not stop our protests, and if we have to face this aggression so be it, we have stayed in silence for too long and we will not allow any more mistreatments for our children who have to face racist harassments in the streets every day.” said Rocio Munoz at the end of our conversation.

Munoz also showed gratitud for the support that LUNDU has received from other countries. Several individuals and international organizations are supporting their efforts and are watching closely.

In human history, every radical change brings strong and desperate responses from those who benefit from the status quo. This might explain the violent reactions against LUNDU from those who support racism in Peruvian media. They might be afraid of change.

Afro Peruvians feel that this is the right time for Peru to stop racism, or at least penalize it. A new generation of activists are fighting for what they believe is right. They know they are not alone in their struggle.

Related links:

Watch interview with LUNDU's Rocio's Munoz -in Spanish.

If you want to take action against racist media in Peru, please read more information in this link I have prepared or join this Facebook page AgainstRacism in Spanish-Language TV and Media.
 

.

03 maio, 2010

Brazil Film Fest co-presents with Hot Docs


Brazil Film Fest co-presents with Hot Docs, from April 29
to May 11, Toronto, Canada


Toronto’s Hot Docs is North America's largest documentary
festival. It runs for 11 days, April 29 to May 9, presenting over
170 films from more than 40 countries and welcoming hundreds of
international filmmakers and industry delegates to Toronto.

The Brazil Film Fest is proud to be co-presenting several films
together with Hot Docs. Be sure to check our website for
information on Brazil Film Fest 2010 which runs from October 21st
through October 24th.

CITIZEN BOILESEN (CIDADÃO BOILESEN)
Chaim Litewski / 93 min / Portuguese with English subtitles.
Focusing on Henning Boilesen’s extraordinary life, the
documentary reveals the political and economical connection
between the business community and the armed forces in their
fight against urban guerrillas during Brazil’s military
dictatorship.
Fri Apr 30, 10:00 PM The Royal, 608 College Street Sun May 2,
4:00 PM Cumberland Cinemas, 159 Cumberland Street

BEYOND IPANEMA
Guto Barra / 87 min / English
BEYOND IPANEMA  a mash-up of thoughts and ideas about the
repeating cycle of discovery of Brazilian music in the world.
Through interviews with David Byrne, Devendra Banhart, M.I.A., Os
Mutantes, Caetano Veloso, Tom Zé, Seu Jorge, Thievery Corporation
and many others, Beyond Ipanema surveys the Brazilian music
experience outside of Brazil.
Sat May 8, 9:15 PM Cumberland Cinemas, 159 Cumberland Street Sun
May 9, 7:00 PM The Royal, 608 College Street

In addition Hot Docs will also be presenting several other
Brazilian documentaries.

B1 (B1- TENÓRIO EM PEQUIM)
Felipe Braga & Eduardo Hunter Moura / 98 min / Portuguese
subtitled in English Antonio Tenorio is a B1: he’s totally blind,
and he carries on his judo kimono the red circle that symbolizes
it. The documentary follows this professional judo player, one of
the few in the world to compete both in Paralympic and regular
championships, as he prepares himself to fight for a fourth
Paralympic gold medal, in Beijing. 
Mon May 3, 6:30 PM
Cumberland Cinemas, 159 Cumberland Street Wed May 5, 1:00 PM
Cumberland Cinemas, 159 Cumberland Street Sun May 9, 9:15 PM
Cumberland Cinemas, 159 Cumberland Street

SECRETS OF THE TRIBE
José Padilha / 94 min / English, Italian, Spanish with English
subtitles.
Academic bickering has never been as luridly scandalous as
between the anthropologists studying the Yanomami, an isolated
tribe in the Amazon basin.
Jaw-dropping ethical breaches leave generational scars on the
world's last "pure" society. (Brazil/Venezuela) Thu May 6, 6:30
PM Koerner, 273 Bloor Street West Sun May 9, 4:15 PM ROM Theatre,
100 Queen’s Park

WASTE LAND
Lucy Walker, João Jardim & Karen Harley / 99 min / English and
Portuguese subtitled in English Already a multiple award winner
on the fest circuit, Lucy Walker's transcendent doc follows
artist Vik Muniz and his work with pickers of recyclable
materials in Brazil’s Jardim Gramacho, the world's largest
landfill site.
Sat May 1 7:00 PM Isabel Bader Theatre, 93 Charles Street West
Wed May 5 9:15 PM Bloor Cinema, 506 Bloor Street West

More at http://www.hotdocs.ca/schedule/calendar/